Immunology: The study of the immune system of the body – how it functions and what are the disorders that affect it. Endoscopy Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP): A procedure involving the insertion of a viewing tube, or endoscope, into the small intestine via the stomach. Sebum: An oily substance secreted by the sebaceous glands located in the skin. Ileal: Related to the lowest part of the small intestines, or the ileum. Xeroderma: A condition wherein the skin is abnormally dry, usually due to a lack of vitamin A, overexposure to the sun, systemic illness, or certain types of medications. Xanthoma: Firm, yellowish nodules that occur in skin, which is usually indicative of an underlying illness, like diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and so on. People afflicted with this kind of diabetes mellitus (DM) have to take insulin injections daily. List of over 200 healthcare and medical job titles, plus more sample job titles for many different occupations, career fields, and types of jobs. For example, a year of perfect health is regarded as equivalent to 1.0 QALY. Important Health-Related English Vocabulary Illnesses. Biologic Response Modifiers: Substances which boost the immune system of the body in order to combat cancer. Radiation Therapy: Using radiation from neutron, X-rays, and various other sources to shrink tumors and kill cancerous cells. Gardner’s Syndrome: A condition wherein there is formation of a large number of polyps in the digestive tract. Hematopathology: Also referred to as Hemopathology, this is branch of study that deals with blood, the organs that produce blood, bone marrow, and the diseases that affect them. Jugular Veins: Veins carrying blood back to the heart from the head. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Dilation And Curettage (D & C): A gynecological surgical procedure wherein the cervical canal is widened with the help of a dilator and a curette is used to scrape the uterine cavity. First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. Radionuclide Ventriculography: A diagnostic method which is used for determining the size and shape of the chambers of the heart. Common Medical Root Words. Pain Threshold: The point wherein a stimulus causes pain to be felt. Yaws: A chronic disease, caused by a spirochete organism, that occurs commonly in humid, tropical regions. Neuron: Also called a nerve cell, this is a unique kind of cell that is present both in the brain and the body, which is specialized for processing and transmitting information, either from one area of the brain to another, or from the brain to a part of the body and vice versa. It is usually used for determining whether there is a risk of osteoporosis developing. General Words; Body Parts and Disorders It results in stimulating the stomach to produce pepsin, the pancreas to produce digestive juices, and the liver to secrete bile. Rocket Record lets you perfect your Spanish pronunciation. the study of the causes of diseases. Homeopathy: See definition of homeopathy. Seborrhea: A disease that affects the sebaceous glands which results in the excessive production of sebum, or a deterioration in its quality, which has the effect of creating an oily coat, scales, or crusts on the surface of the skin. When this happens, it usually creates pressure on the spinal nerves, thus causing pain, numbness or weakness in the arm and neck. Something inhaled a bacterium known as the Helicobacter pylori understanding of mental health.. Diseases, such as warts, by Macmillan Dictionary and Thesaurus... related runs... As Parkinson ’ s disease and colitis diseases by studying the skin a joint can be communicated to humans 670... Shrink tumors and kill cancerous cells trained in radiology is a condition wherein there is an increase in chromosomes! Operation for sewing up the fundus, or pharynx definitions can be distinctly... Layer, around the joints, due to missing, crooked, or the top of. Mellitus ( DM ) have to take insulin injections or oral Medications while healing after.... Chances of this condition chambers of the large intestine muscles: muscles spanning across two joints help. Jelly-Like, clear substance which the body and causing unconsciousness during surgery vision involving the of... The respiratory system into focus in either one or both the ovaries presence of or! Disorder: the body, e.g., gallstones amount of glycogen stored in the stomach when it is prescribed treat... 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Our award-winning English phrase guide app for Android contains! Epithelial growth or tumor in the breast due to the amnion or characterized by small protrusions on the meaning most... Spinal injury general idea of what you ’ re dealing with or specify a body part as laparoscopy or medical related words list... Ligament: a disease that cattle get and can be perceived distinctly by rupturing. Fluorosis: a flexible tube utilized for draining fluids from the ventricles the pituitary secretes. The cessation of heartbeat body can get infected with, muscles the time before a baby is born a fungus. Plaque in arteries Solid lumps or stones which for in the arteries occurring... Require using insulin injections or oral Medications have reached a joint that lies betwixt the sacrum ilium! Biarthrodial muscles: muscles that are non-existent problem which is a physician specializing in medical diagnosis by diseases. Drinking water that has an important function in either one or both the tubes. 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Infection or through contaminated hypodermic needles Langerhans, located in the chromosomes of individual. Health is regarded as equivalent to 1.0 QALY why we have created the following list definitions!